Research in Dance and Physical Activity

Current Issue

Research in Dance and Physical Activity - Vol. 6 , No. 3

[ Article ]
Research in Dance and Physical Activity - Vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 119-135
ISSN: 2951-4770 (Online)
Print publication date 31 Dec 2022
Received 30 Oct 2022 Revised 01 Dec 2022 Accepted 16 Dec 2022

Adult Women's Experience of Participaing in Belly Dance as a Leisure Activity: A Phenomenological Approach
Da Sol Yang1 ; Hyun Gun Shin2, *
1Sookmyung Women's University, Republic of Korea, Postgraduaten Student
2Sookmyung Women's University, Republic of Korea, Professor

Correspondence to : *Email address:


The purpose of this study is to examine the characteristics and essential meanings of adult women's belly dance participation as a leisure activity through Giorgi's(1985) research method based on phenomenology. To achieve this purpose, five adult women who enjoyed belly dance as hobby were selected as research participants, and data were collected through in-depth interviews, participant observation, observation and performance log, and a literature review. As a result, 8 sub-components were derived from the three high-level concepts of 'change in appearance', 'inner meaning', and 'changed life'. In this study, it was proposed that belly dance brought positive effect to physical and mental health as well as improved physical strength consistent with the ideal of a modern woman. Based on the study, it can be used as a basic data to encourage and grow belly dance participation in Korea.

Keywords: leisure activities, adult women, belly dance


This work was modified and developed from the M.A thesis of the first author.

1. Ahn, S. Y. (2015). The effects of bellydance exercise on muscles of urinary incontinence and vaginal pressure in middle-aged women. Master thesis, Mokwon University.
2. Angela, M. M.(2012). Beyond the Belly: An Appraisal of Middle Eastern Dance (aka Belly Dance) as Leisure. Journal of leisure research, 44(2), 201-233.
3. Denis, C., Seppo, E. Iso-Ahola. (1993). Leisure and health: The role of social support and selfdetermination. Journal of Leisure Research, 25(2), 111–128.
4. Downey, D. J., Reel, J., Soohoo, S., & Zerbib, S. (2010). Body image in belly dance: integrating alternative norms into collective identity. Journal of Gender Studies, 377-393.
5. Galina, K.(2014). Russian Women and Belly Dancing: Body Work, Fun and Transformation. master's thesis, DePaul University. Chicago.
6. Giorgi, A.(1985). Phenomenology and psychological research. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Duquesne university press.
7. Giorgi, A.(1997). The Theory, Practice, and Evaluation of the Phenomenological Method as a Qualitative Research Procedure. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, 28(2), 235-261.
8. Hammoudi, A., Belkada, H., & Benzidane, H. (2022). Women's Attitudes toward Leisure Time. Sport system journal, 9(1), 349-362.
9. Jang, U, Y. (2021). The Effect of the Participation in Belly Dance Performance on the Self-Esteem and Satisfaction with Life for Middle-Aged Women. The Souteast Korea Dance Society, 9(2), 135-155.
10. Kang, D. Y. (2013). The Settlement Process and Tasks of Bellydance in Korea. Master thesis, Gyeongsang National University.
11. Kim, C. R. (2009). The Effect on Belly Dance of Middle-aged Women with Their Mental health and Life Satisfaction. Master thesis, Cheongju University.
12. Kim, H, E. (2006). Analysis On The Participation Constraint in Leisure Dance. Journal of leisure and recreation studies, 30(4), 85-98.
13. Kim, M. J., Jeong, C. G., & Kim, Y. J. (1999). Effect which adult women's participation in sports Activity on Recreational Satisfaction and Living. Sports Science Studies, 9(1), 101-112.
14. Kim, S. J. (2000). The Relationship between Participation in Social Dance Social Network and Social Support of Adult Female. Journal of Korean Dance, 18(-), 83-116.
15. Kim, S. S. N., Ahn, B. J. (2021). Study of Antecedents affecting Trust in Bellly Dance Instructor and Dance Commitment: Focused on Transformational Leadership, Nonverbal Communication, and Coaching knowledge. The Korean Society of Sports Science, 30(3), 905-919.
16. Kim, S. S. N. (2022). Study of the Impacts of Experience of Participation in a Belly Dance Competition on Participants' Self-Efficacy and Dance Adherence. The Korean Society of Sports Science, 31(4), 617-632.
17. Kim, T. Y., OH, J. K. (2020). The Effects of General Adult Women's Physical Self-efficacy and Psychological Happiness in Ballet Class. The Korean Journal of Sport, 18(3), 439-449.
18. Kim, Y. R. (2019). Effects of Life Dance Recognition and Physical Efficacy on the Dental Happiness in Living Women of Zumba® Fitness. Master thesis, Gongju University.
19. Kim, Y. S., Lee, S. Y., & Kim, A. R. (2012). Relationship Among Life Satisfaction, Self-realization and Flow Experience in Leisure Dance Participation of Adult Women. Korean journal of physical education, 51(5), 85-95.
20. Kwak, H. P., Koo, K. J. (2010). Relationship of Leisure Dance Participation, Physical Image and Self-Esteem among Women. The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, 10(8), 407-416.
21. Lee, C. W., Jeong, Y. J., & Kim, H. J. (2021). The Effect of the Types of Instructional Behavior of Dance Leaders on Self-respect and School Life Satisfaction. Journal of the Korean Dance Society, 21(3), 75-88.
22. Lee, H. W., & Shin, J. T. (2020). The Effect of preferred physical activity on emotion, stress and happiness of university student. Research in Dance and Physical Education, 4(3), 63-70.
23. Lee, S. J. (2022). The Effect of the Experiential Value Perceived by Belly Dance Participants on Self-Esteem and Psychological Well-Being. Master thesis, Myongji University.
24. Moe, A. (2012). Beyond the Belly : An Appraisal of Middle Eastern Dance (aka Belly Dance) as Leisure. Journal of leisure research, 44(2), 201-233.
25. Nadia, D. L.(2006). Belly Dance as a Means of Dance Therapy for Survivors of Sexual Assault. Thesis Projects, Western Kentucky University, Kentucky.
26. Rosenberg, Morris. (1979). Conceiving the Self, New York, NY: Basic Book.
27. Shin, J. H., Cho, H. M. (2011), The Effect of Senior Citizens’ Participation in Leisure Activities on Wellness and Subjective Happiness. The Korean Society of Sports Science, 20(3), 877-887.
28. Shin, Y. O. (2021). Trend of Belly Dance Research in Korea, Master thesis, Myongji University.
29. Song, M. R., Song, L. R. (2014). Analysis of Quality of Life among Middle Aged and Elderly Women Participating in Health Dance Exercise. International Journal of Bio-Science and Bio-Technology, 6(3), 163-168.
30. Szalai, M., Levay, B., Szirmai, A., Papp, I., Premusz, V., & Bodis, J. (2015). A clinical study to assess the efficacy of belly dancing as a tool for rehabilitation in female patients with malignancies. European Journal of Oncology Nursing, 19(1), 60-65.
31. Yang, D. S. (2017). A study on the experience of performing belly dance as the leisure activity of adult women. Master thesis, Sookmyung Women's University.
32. Yoon, P. K., Kim, J. E. (2019) The Experiences and Meanings of Participation in Ballet among Senior Citizens. Research in Dance and Physical Education, 3(2) 79-89.
33. Yoon, S. A. (2013). Relationship between Participation of Woman in Belly Dance and Physical Self-Efficacy. Master thesis, Suwon University.