Research in Dance and Physical Activity

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Research in Dance and Physical Activity - Vol. 7 , No. 2

[ Article ]
Research in Dance and Physical Activity - Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 71-85
ISSN: 2951-4770 (Online)
Print publication date 31 Aug 2023
Received 30 Jun 2023 Revised 17 Aug 2023 Accepted 27 Aug 2023

Validation of the Korean Version Health Consciousness Scale
Hyehyun Hong1, * ; Yoon Jin Kim2
1Chung-Ang University, Republic of Korea, Professor
2Chung-Ang University, Republic of Korea, Master Student

Correspondence to : *Email address:

Funding Information ▼


As a wide range of health-related attitudes and behaviors is affected by health consciousness level, scholars have considered it a significant mental aspect of one’s health. However, due to its conceptual complexity and ambiguity, its measures have been inconsistent across studies and often integrated with measuring overt health behaviors. In this regard, this study aimed to propose and validate the Korean version health consciousness (HC) scale, focusing on the psychological dimensions. The scale, which was originally developed and tested in the U.S. context, was translated into Korean and used to measure one’s level of health consciousness among 525 college students in South Korea. Overall, the results of item analysis showed the potency of the scale as a statistically valid and reliable measure of health consciousness and provided significant correlations with attitudinal and behavioral variables regarding physical activity. Based on the results and discussion, we expect the scale to be useful in predicting many health-promoting behaviors and relevant attitudes and in helping to develop effective health promotion programs in the post-COVID-19 era.

Keywords: health consciousness, scale development, physical activity, health promotion


This research was supported by the Chung-Ang University Research Scholarship Grants in 2021.

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